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Brain Contusions

There are many types of head injuries; about 20%-30% of serious head injuries are contusions. A brain contusion (cerebral contusion) is a specific type of traumatic brain injury that occurs when an outside force directly impacts the head. A contusion can also occur when the brain begins to bleed and form a bruise. Severe contusions may need to be removed through surgery.

What are the symptoms?

Brain contusions are identifiable by:

  • headache,
  • sleepiness,
  • dizziness,
  • vomiting,
  • nausea,
  • confusion,
  • and seizures.

These symptoms can point to a concussion as well. Because contusion injuries damage brain tissue, they can lead to serious intracranial pressure (ICP). Untreated ICP can lead to death.

Treatment for Contusions

Some contusions heal without medical attention; however, severe swelling and pressure will require treatment. Doctors can try to eliminate swelling on the brain by reducing blood pressure and increasing carbon dioxide in the blood.

If the contusion is serious enough, doctors may recommend surgery to relieve the ICP. At the very least, a contusion will necessitate close monitoring to ensure that the swelling does not leave permanent brain damage.

Coup-Contrecoup Injuries

Coup-contrecoup brain injuries occur when an object impacts the brain, affecting the site of the injury and the opposing side of the brain. Coup-contrecoup injuries are common during car accidents; especially when the head is forced against a stationary object. They are also twofold: first the exterior of the skull strikes another object; then, the force of the blow causes the brain to collide with the interior of the skull.

File a Claim for Your Brain Injury

Contact the Northern Virginia brain injury lawyers from Chaikin, Sherman, Cammarata, Siegel, P.C. if your or someone you love suffered a traumatic brain injury.

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